In This Issue…
- Forest Fire Smoke Propagation
- DMR Server Change
- Repeater Etiquette
- QRZ056: Rumors Fly: Zedd to Wed?
- New/Upgraded Hams
- Newsletter News
- Local Hamfests
- Dates To Remember
- Odds and Ends
- SCARS Is On The Web
- Podcast: On The Air
- This Week’s ARRL Letter
- ARRL DX Bulletin
- Podcast: Amateur Radio Newsline
- Podcast: W5KUB Amateur Radio Roundtable
- Podcast: Ham Nation
Forest Fire Smoke Propagation — Menu
Adrien Guyot, et. al. published a recent paper on the effect on radio signals as they travel through smoke fields that are generated by large wildfire events. Their paper talks about using these signals to provide an early warning to people in the path of a fire. During our April meeting, Gordon West WB6NOA discussed the effects of temperature inversions on radio signals. In that presentation Gordo talked about noticeable changes in the VHF amateur band.
This study uses data from commercial microwave links, that range from 6 GHz to 86 GHz. These towers were in and around the massive 2019/2020 fires in the Melbourne, Australia area. They studied the received signal level at the tower locations and observed the changes as they related to the reported smoke density measured at local air quality stations. Link lengths of 5 to 20 km provided the best results at predicting the atmospheric changes.
I wonder what could be learned from FT8/WSPR data on the lower bands? Our friends at HAMSCI did a similar study on the effects of the 2017 solar eclipse on radio propagation. In 2018, Nathan Frissel, et. Al. published their findings on their study of the 160 M, 80 M, 40 M, and 20 M bands during the eclipse.
Next time you hear some strange propagation events or see some strange callsigns on your computers or radios, take a look at the solar weather, physical weather, fires, air conditions, or other physical properties that may be affecting your signals. Something to think about when the next dry season comes along…
DMR Server Change — Menu
Brandmeister has announced that it will be shutting down its 3101 New York server on December 1, 2021. Due to unforeseen circumstances, the New Your server will be shut down. Most of us in the Oklahoma area chose the 3102 Dallas, TX server, however, your hotspot may be going through one of the others.
If you want to check a certain repeater, you can click this link and enter the repeater callsign.
If you want to check a certain DMR hotspot, you can click this link and enter the hotspot callsign.
Brandmeister is suggesting 3101 users transition to the 3104 Chicago server now.
Brandmeister US DMR Servers
* 3102 – Dallas, TX – 184.108.40.206
* 3103 – San Jose, CA – 220.127.116.11
* 3104 – Chicago, IL – 18.104.22.168
Check your repeater! or hotspot and if it’s using 3101, make the switch today!
Repeater Etiquette — Menu
To encourage proper operating guidelines, we provide members a guide to repeater etiquette and operating guidelines. Our on-the-air guidelines are listed here and are available on the SCARS website at https://w5nor.org/repeateretiquette/ Following these will help new members and not-so-new members get up to speed with the protocols, language, topics, and operations on shared radio systems.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has created rules and regulations that govern amateur radio. These rules and regulations are listed in Title 47, Chapter I, Subchapter D, Part 97 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Hams usually call these the “Part 97” rules. Those rules discuss what hams are legally allowed to do.
However, just because you can do it doesn’t mean that you should do it. Learning what you should do usually takes many years and involves a lot of hard lessons. In an attempt to help learn these lessons quicker, we have created this repeater etiquette guide.
Repeaters allow us to amplify our signal to allow others to hear our voices. SCARS repeaters, and all others, typically have hundreds of people listening at all times. This could be hams, family members of hams, people listening to scanners, city officials, or people listening on the Internet rebroadcast or recording, anywhere on the planet. When you are heard on a repeater, your performance should be representative of the host club.
Follow these guidelines and you will quickly become a better operator.
- Take time to listen to the repeater for a while before you transmit. If you are new to the area, listen to get a feel for the operation of the locals. Otherwise, listen for at least 30 seconds to make sure you aren’t barging into a conversation.
- To transmit, key your microphone, wait for a second, and then start talking. Repeaters and receivers have a built-in delay that may chop off the first few syllables of your statement. Hold the button firmly while you are talking. Be sure to let go of the button when you are finished.
- Transmit your callsign when you start talking. This lets the other people listening know who you are. While the person you are talking to may know your voice, others listening may not.
- If you wish to announce that you are listening to the repeater and are willing to converse, give your callsign and the words “listening” or “monitoring.” Stay on the channel for at least a minute because others may take a while to respond. CQ is not used on repeaters.
- To call another station, transmit their callsign and then your callsign. Be sure to pause before you start talking. If you get no response, make this call again. If you still get no response, simply transmit your callsign and the words “clear”, or “listening”, or “monitoring”.
- Resist the urge to quickly key to respond to a transmission. Provide a brief pause between transmissions to allow others to join in. People breaking into a conversation will transmit their call sign when the current operator unkeys.
- Promptly acknowledge any stations that transmit their call and permit them to either join the conversation or make a quick call.
- You do not need to wait for the repeater transmitter to drop. There are about four seconds between the courtesy tone and the repeater transmitter dropping. Let two of them go by and then key the microphone.
- Commuting hours are popular for many mobile stations. Repeaters exist to help extend the range of mobiles and portables. Be courteous and give them priority during commuting hours.
- Do not “kerchunk” a repeater by clicking the microphone button to see if you are in range. If you need to range check your radio, key the microphone, transmit your callsign, and then wait for the repeater to respond.
- To ask for a radio check, key your microphone, transmit your callsign, and then the words “radio check”. More often than not, you’ll get someone to respond.
- If you are in an emergency situation, use the word “emergency”. You will get a much better response than if you use other codewords. When someone responds, keep them informed of your situation until you announce that the emergency is over.
- Watch what you say when you key your microphone. Speak as if your mother is in the room. Avoid ‘mild’ obscenities, including suggestive phrases and innuendos.
- Speak as if you were talking to someone face-to-face.
- Don’t use the word “break” to join a conversation. If you want to be involved, simply transmit your callsign. Some regions reserve the word “break” for announcing an emergency.
- Use plain language and avoid jargon or acronyms that may be prominent in your ‘day-job’, or on HF. Others may not fully understand what your acronym means.
- Do not monopolize the repeater. If others turn off their radios because they can hardly talk to someone except you, something is wrong.
- Be upbeat and courteous. Don’t be the guy that’s always complaining about other hams, the repeater, or some aspect of the hobby.
- Do not discuss the topics of politics, religion, or make disparaging remarks. While you and the person you are talking to may share certain beliefs, there are hundreds of other listeners that probably have differing opinions. Typically this results in hams turning off their radios and reduces group participation.
- If you frequently receive jamming interference, it may be a sign that you may need to adjust your use of the repeater. This isn’t always the case, but history has shown that jammers respond to those that have caused the most friction.
- Don’t cough, sneeze, or clear your throat on-the-air. Unkey the microphone as you feel these coming on.
- If you hear someone trying to “jam” a transmission, or disrupt the normal repeater operation, ignore them. These people are looking for attention and typically go away if ignored. “Please don’t feed the trolls.”
- If you feel that you need to interrupt an existing conversation, remember it is no more polite to do so on the air than if you did it face-to-face.
- Follow a roundtable, or rotation format to allow 3 or more hams to participate in a conversation. Don’t ignore people by not passing to them for several turns.
- Perform your legally required station identifications every 10 minutes. Use the repeater timer, or the other station as your guide. When you hear the controller identify the repeater, you should give your callsign on the next transmission.
- Using the phrase “for ID” with your callsign is not required, or encouraged.
- Perform your legally required station identification at the end of your conversation. Simply give your callsign. You do not need to repeat the callsign of the other operators.
- Don’t use any CB phrases, slang, or verbiage. Use plain language.
- Respond to calls that you aren’t familiar with. It’s a great way to meet new people and hear new stories. They may be a new ham, or new to the area, and are looking for a conversation.
Have fun and enjoy the machines. Should you have a question or would like to add to this list, please send a message to email@example.com.
QRZ056: Rumors Fly: Zedd to Wed? — Menu
This ongoing series was written by SCARS charter member SK Jack Bickham WB5TZZ / KU5B. Jack was a prolific novelist, his two most known works were turned into the movies “The Apple Dumpling Gang”, and “Bakers Hawk.” These 104 Q. R. Zedd articles were originally published in the Central Oklahoma Radio Amateurs (CORA) Newsletter, the Collector & Emitter from September 1981 through April 1990, and are hosted on the SCARS web site. We are reprinting this series to provide you with a glimpse of the past.
Originally published in the April 1986 issue of the C&E.
Fresh from his triumphant opening of Atlantis for the DX faithful, Oklahoma’s Q. R. Zedd was back in the news this week as marriage rumors circulated worldwide.
Zedd, whose Honor Roll Ranch is just a hoot and a holler south of town, holds the nation’s only 1×1 callsign, A5A, and was recently named first recipient of Britain’s new Order of the Yagi in recognition of his Atlantis feat. He is known by many for his invention of radar and the plastic milk bottle, and annually bests all the rest in worldwide Dx competitions.
Most of these feats paled this week, however, as — for the second time in recent memory — word spread over the airwaves that the great man may wed Tondelayo Schwartz, his blonde, nubile, QSL secretary and constant companion.
Word from the French Riviera, where Zedd and the darling girl were vacationing after their Atlantis trek, was that A5A was QRZ on the airwaves only about 17 hours per day, while Tondelayo, W5FPN, was heard at her high-speed CW keyer only 15 hours per day from the beach. While it is well known that the couple ranks among the globe’s greatest ballroom dancers since Astaire and Rogers, dancing alone could not account for so many hours away from their rigs. This was the source of the romance rumors.
A fabled jeweler on the Riviera leaked to the National Enquirer a report that Zedd had bought Tondelayo another engagement ring. Tondelayo threw the last one in Lake Thunderbird two years ago when Zedd left her (and the Rev. Billy Graham) at the altar in order to rush off on a jet and activate Vietnam on all bands.
In Rome, the Swiss Guards at the Vatican all had their shoes shined, adding fuel to the rumors that the great one and his constant companion might have decided to tie the knot at last, and let the Pope do the honors while they were in the neighborhood. The Vatican had no comment, and the Vatican ham station was QRT.
Contacted on CW by a reporter for the Collector & Emitter, the precious Tondelayo was non-committal. The exchange went like this:
QRZ 5 K KU5B KU5B KU5B KU5B KU5B 59 59 KN W5FPN DE KU5B RRR UR 59 OKLA 59 TNX ES R U MARRYING HIM BK RR SOMEDAY MAYBE SWEETIE HW WX IN OK? BK TOND BT BT PEOPLE SAYING UR ABOUT TO WED ZEDD BT PLS COMMENT FER C ES E BK ASK ME NO QUESTIONS ES ILL TELL U NO LIES 73 88 QRZ 5S K
Zedd, as is well known, was married once before, years ago, but the marriage was later annulled on the basis that it had never been consumated, the ceremony having taken place during a record peak in the solar flux which kept Zedd at his rig for two years running. His once-betrothed later married a CBer and did other bad things.
Zedd has been with Tondelayo, or vice-versa, since they met on the beaches of southern California when she was 16. Her parents first objected to her joining Zedd, then 54, fulltime at Honor Roll, but that objection ended when they met the great one and saw how wonderful he was, and he promised to keep Tondelayo in high school, and tutor her on the side.
Zedd did such a great job of tutoring Tondelayo that she graduated from high school in a matter of days, and went right on, to the Harvard Business School, where she racked up a perfect 4.0 grade point average and graduated Maxima Cum Laude in a little over a year. She then returned to Oklahoma and used her new skills to takeover all Zedd’s QSLing and logging.
Tondelayo has made no secret of her adoration of Zedd, and didn’t even whimper very long when he left her (and Billy Graham) at the altar for Vietnam. Zedd’s momma, Constance Wilhemina Zedd of Mena, Arkansas, approves the pairing and has often said she wants a grandbaby.
“I just hope it works out this time,” Momma said via 40 meter phone from Mena. “That girl is not getting any younger, and if she doesn’t catch him this year, then the sunspot cycle will start to, improve again and she may have missed her last chance.”
If there is truth to rumors of impending nuptials; all the faithful should know by next month this time. Zedd’s private jet is scheduled to return stateside on or about May Day;
Please join the SCARS Exam Team in welcoming the following new amateurs to the air:
each of whom earned Technician class licenses as well as
who earned a General class license.
Please also congratulate:
who upgraded to General class and
Lee, AI5DN (ex-KI5OMD)
who upgraded to Amateur Extra.
All tested this evening at the firehouse under pandemic precautions.
Congratulations to all!
Dates to Remember — Menu
- SCARS Elmer Nights – ONLINE ONLY. Every Tuesday evening, 6:30 pm – 9:00 pm – Join with Zoom at https://w5nor.org/zoom/ or simply watch the fun at https://w5nor.org/stream/ All meetings are recorded so you can stream them later from the SCARS YouTube channel.
- SCARS Meeting June 12, 2021, 9:30 am – Field Day Operating Skills – Join with Zoom at https://w5nor.org/zoom/ or simply watch the fun at https://w5nor.org/stream/. All meetings are recorded so you can stream them later from the SCARS YouTube channel.
- SCARS June 3, 2021, License Test – 6:30 pm – Norman Firehouse #7 – 2207 Goddard – Norman, OK 73069
Newsletter News — Menu
This newsletter is announced in several places. Feel free to subscribe to the way that suits you best. If you’re an email person, you can subscribe by visiting https://w5nor.org/email. If you’re a Twitter person, visit us at https://w5nor.org/twitter. And each newsletter announcement is posted on the Facebook group at https://w5nor.org/facebook. And, if you like to search this yourself, you can go straight to the newsletter at https://w5nor.org/newsletter. Any way you found the newsletter, we’re glad you made it.
And, this newsletter should be for, and about, you. If you have a neat build project to share, an interesting QSO, a new radio review, a new idea, an upcoming event, a member spotlight, or if you’d like to help produce the newsletter, please send an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. These don’t have to be polished articles; we’ll edit as required. Don’t forget a picture or two. That picture is worth a thousand words.
Local Hamfests — Menu
Briefly, here’s the list of the upcoming local hamfests. Hamfests are always great places to buy new equipment, sell your underused equipment, and find that great flea market bargain. They are always a great place to meet local hams and learn some new tricks.
5/21-23/2021 | Dayton Hamvention | Location: Xenia, OH — ONLINE – Sign Up For Free Now —
Ham-Com | Location: Plano, TX — CANCELED —
6/12/2021 | Radio Shack Sidewalk Sale | Location: Derby, KS — On Schedule —
6/12/2021 | Pryor Tailgate Event | Location: Pryor, OK — On Schedule —
7/23-24/2021 | Ham Holiday | Location: OCCC – Oklahoma City, OK — CANCELED —
8/27-28/2021 | Joplin Hamfest | Location: Joplin, MO — No Status, yet —
9/10-11/2021 | Arkansas State Convention | Location: Mena, AR — No Status, yet —
9/16-17/2021 | Duke City Hamfiesta | Location: Albuquerque, NM — CANCELED —
9/24/2021 | Reno County KS Hamfest | Location: Hutchinson, KS — No Status, yet —
10/02/2021 | Wichita Area Hamfest | Location: Wichita, KS — No Status, yet —
10/22-23/2021 | Hamarama Holiday 2021 Hamfest | Location: Ardmore, OK — On Schedule —
11/5-6/2021 | Enid Hamfest | Location: Enid, OK — On Schedule —
3/5/2022 | Elk City Hamfest | Location: Elk City, OK
4/8-9/2022| Green Country Hamfest | Location: Claremore, OK
7/22-23/2022 | Ham Holiday | Location: OCCC – Oklahoma City, OK
4/1/2022 | Ozark Con – 4 States QRP | Location: Branson, MO
4/8-9/2022| Green Country Hamfest | Location: Claremore, OK
5/20-22/2022 | Dayton Hamvention | Location: Xenia, OH
9/16-18/2022 | Duke City Hamfiesta | Location: Albuquerque, NM
The ARRL maintains a list of all US hamfests if you would like to travel. Click here for the ARRL list of those within 250 miles.
Odds and Ends — Menu
- All those links
- ARES Memory Settings (Red Box at the bottom of the page)
- Collector and Emitter Archive
- YLRL Nets and other info
- Real-time Solar Weather
- SCARS Officers
- HF Net List
- Norman VHF Repeaters audio stream
- ARRL Outgoing QSL Service
- Announced DX Operations
- D-Star stuff
- Real-time lightning data
- Oklahoma ARES Voice Over IP Net
SCARS Is On The Web — Menu
- Homepage: W5NOR.ORG
- Hamvention Club of the Year: W5NOR.org/hvclub
- News and Updates: SCARS Newsletter
- Repeater Resources: SCARS Repeater
- Oklahoma DMR Resources: OKDMR
- Facebook: SCARS Facebook
- Twitter: W5NOR
- Email: email@example.com
News, links, repeater info, hamfests, licensing, and more are linked from the menu sidebar at the SCARS Homepage – W5NOR.ORG!
Podcast: On The Air — Menu
The On the Air podcast is a companion to the bi-monthly On the Air magazine (an ARRL membership benefit) and takes a deeper dive into select features and projects. Each month, host and On the Air Editorial Director Becky Schoenfeld W1BXY will offer additional resources, techniques, and hints to help you get the most from the magazine’s content.
This month it’s all about Parks On The Air — one of the most popular activities in amateur radio today. We chat with Audrey Hance, KN4TMU, who recently enjoyed her first Parks On The Air “activation.”
ARRL On the Air – Episode 16
ARRL Letter — Menu
- Ham-Firefighter Rescues Drowning Man from River
- Returning Four-Ham ISS Crew Makes First Nighttime Splashdown Since 1968
- ARRL Podcasts Schedule
- “A Clear Signal of Resilience:” Europe’s HAM RADIO Goes Virtual Again This Year
- ARRL Learning Network Webinars
- IEEE Committee Webinar “RF Exposure in the Time of Conspiracies” Set for May 12
- Wireless Institute of Australia Committee Seeks More HF Ham Radio Spectrum
- IARU Region 1 Seeks Opinions on the Future of Amateur Radio
- Amateur Radio in the News
- Russian Robinson Club Announces Activation of Rare IOTA Islands in the Aleutians
- In Brief…
- The K7RA Solar Update
- Just Ahead in Radiosport
- Upcoming ARRL Section, State, and Division Conventions
ARRL DX Bulletin — Menu
SB DX @ ARL $ARLD018 ARLD018 DX news ZCZC AE18 QST de W1AW DX Bulletin 18 ARLD018 From ARRL Headquarters Newington CT May 6, 2021 To all radio amateurs SB DX ARL ARLD018 ARLD018 DX news This week's bulletin was made possible with information provided by OA4DPM, The Daily DX, the OPDX Bulletin, 425 DX News, DXNL, Contest Corral from QST and the ARRL Contest Calendar and WA7BNM web sites. Thanks to all. NIGER, 5U. Adrien, F4IHM will be QRV as 5UAIHM from Niamey from May 10 to June 15. Activity will be on 40 and 20 meters using CW. QSL to home call. MOROCCO, CN. Stations in Morocco can use the special prefix CN18 until May 10 to celebrate the 18th birthday of Morocco's Crown Prince Moulay Hassan. FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY, DA. Special call sign DL65ESSEN is QRV until December 31 to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the DARC's Ortsverband Essen. QSL via bureau. SPAIN, EA. Members of the URE club Cullera and of Les Basores DX group will be QRV as AN5ITU from May 8 to 23 to celebrate the 76th anniversary of the ITU. Activity is on the HF and V/UHF bands, and Satellite QO-100, using CW, SSB, RTTY and other digital modes. QSL direct to EB5R. FRANCE, F. Michel, F8GGZ and Serge, F6HFI are QRV with special event call sign TM200NB until May 15 to commemorate the death 200 years ago of Napoleon Bonaparte. QSL via F5KOB. GUERNSEY, GU. Members of the Guernsey Amateur Radio Society will be QRV as GB5LIB from May 8 to 14 to celebrate the liberation of Guernsey. Activity will be on 160 to 10 meters and Satellite QO-100. QSL via LoTW. REPUBLIC OF KOREA, HL. Special call signs HL41GDM and D73M are QRV until May 31 to commemorate the 41st anniversary of the Gwangju Uprising, also known as the Gwangju Democratization Movement. QSL via HL4CCM. JAPAN, JA. Special event stations 8N1OLP, 8N2OLP, 8N3OLP, 8N4OLP, 8N5OLP, 8N6OLP, 8N7OLP, 8N8OLP, 8N9OLP and 8N0OLP are QRV until September 5 for the World Olympic and Paralympic Games. QSL via bureau. LITHUANIA, LY. Members of the Lithuanian Radio Sports Federation are QRV with special call sign LY57BC during May to promote and participate in the 57th edition of the Baltic Contest. QSL via LoTW. PERU, OA. Special event call sign OC200P is QRV during May to celebrate the Bicentennial of the independence of the Republic of Peru. Activity is on 80 to 10 meters using SSB and FT8. QSL via LoTW. BELGIUM, ON. Members of the radio club Noord Oost Limburg are QRV with special call sign OR40NOL until the end of 2021 to celebrate the club's 40th anniversary. QSL via ON6NL. NETHERLANDS, PA. Special event station PD21EUROSONG will be QRV from May 8 to 22 to bring attention to the 2021 Eurovision Song Contest taking place in Rotterdam. QSL via bureau. SWEDEN, SM. Members of the Hisingens Radio Club are QRV with special call sign SE400G until July 31 during the celebration of Gothenburg City's 400th anniversary. Activity is on various HF bands and modes. QSL via LoTW. TURKEY, TA. Special event station TC568FA is QRV until June 28 to commemorate the conquest of Istanbul in 1453. Activity is on 160 to 2 meters using CW, SSB and various digital modes. QSL via operators' instructions. LATVIA, YL. Operators Viesturs, YL2SM, Alex, YL2KO and Gunars, YL2GD are QRV as YL44WFF from the Beja Nature Reserve, YLFF-0072, until May 8. Activity is on 40 to 17 meters using CW and SSB. QSL via YL2SM. SOUTH SUDAN, Z8. Sigfrido, IW9FMD is QRV as Z81S while working with the United Nations Mission. Activity is in his spare time. He has been active on 15 meters SSB so far. QSL direct to IT9YVO. THIS WEEKEND ON THE RADIO. The CQ-M International DX Contest, NCCC RTTY Sprint, NCCC CW Sprint, K1USN Slow Speed CW Test, SARL VHF/UHF Digital Contest, VOLTA World Wide RTTY Contest, SKCC Weekend CW Sprintathon, Arkansas QSO Party, 50 MHz Spring Sprint and WAB 7 MHz Phone Contest are all on tap for this upcoming weekend. The OK1WC Memorial, RSGB 80-Meter Club SSB Championship, 4 States QRP Group Second Sunday Sprint and K1USN Slow Speed Test are scheduled for May 10. The RTTYOPS Weeksprint and Worldwide Sideband Activity Contest are scheduled for May 11. The VHF-UHF FT8 Activity Contest, Phone Fray and CWops Mini-CWT Test are scheduled for May 12. Please see May QST, page 71, and the ARRL and WA7BNM contest web sites for details. NNNN /EX
The latest ARRL DX Bulletin is always at the top here — ARRL DX Bulletin
Amateur Radio Newsline — Menu
– FRIEDRICHSHAFEN TRADE SHOW TO BE VIRTUAL
– MICROWAVE ATTACKS REPORTED IN WASHINGTON, D.C.
– SPECIAL EVENT RECALLS DOOMED US SUBMARINE
– WIA PRESSES ACMA for GREATER SPECTRUM ACCESS
– ‘FENCE-TENNA’ PROJECT GETS GOOD RECEPTION
– NEW FORMAT UNVEILED FOR YOTA ONLINE
– ‘RADIO WATCH’ STIRS INTEREST AT EARTH DAY EVENT
– ‘SHORTWAVE RADIOGRAM’ MARKS 200th BROADCAST
– DEADLINE SET FOR NON-RESIDENTS’ VP8 CALLSIGN VALIDATION
– RSGB SURVEY ASKS HAMS TO WEIGH IN
– SILENT KEY: LONGTIME MARS MEMBER LARRY TRISTAN WALKER K4LLQ
– VIDEO CELEBRATES UK HAM RADIO DURING PANDEMIC YEAR
– WORLD OF DX
– KICKER: SHARING THE RAGCHEWS OF A LIFETIME
The Amateur Radio Newsline can be found at ARNewsline.org.
W5KUB – Amateur Radio Roundtable Video
Tonight using a tree as an antenna. Also update on our next balloon launch.
The W5KUB YouTube channel link is here: W5KUB YouTube.
Ham Nation — Menu
Thanks for watching the anual ladies night on Ham Nation! With special guests, Ann Finkelsen WA1S, Kay Craigie N3KN, Caryn Eve Murray KD2GUT (Amateur Radio Newsline), Ria Jairam N2RJ (ARRL Director Hudson Division) and Dr. Tamitha Skov WXSWW.
The last half-dozen or so episodes are linked right here: Ham Nation
73 de Mark N5HZR